Distal Femur Lecture - Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA).

Classification of Supracondylar Femur Fractures. Share This Page with Your Peers and Friends.

The Gartland classification of supracondylar fractures of the humerus is based on the degree and direction of displacement, and the presence of intact cortex.It applies to extension supracondylar fractures rather than the rare flexion supracondylar fracture. Classification. type I: undisplaced or minimally displaced Ia: undisplaced in both projections.

Classification and treatment of periprosthetic.

A supracondylar humerus fracture is a fracture of the distal humerus just above the elbow joint. The fracture is usually transverse or oblique and above the medial and lateral condyles and epicondyles.This fracture pattern is relatively rare in adults, but is the most common type of elbow fracture in children.A new classification system is proposed for supracondylar femur fractures above total knee arthroplasties based on fracture location relative to the femoral component. Radiographs of 28 cases were evaluated and classified according to the proposed system by 12 physicians: 3 trauma specialists, 3 adult reconstruction specialists, 3 musculoskeletal radiologists, and 3 orthopaedic residents.Supracondylar fracture occurs commonly in distal humerus. Children more commonly suffer from this fracture than adults and it may cause serious complications if ignored. Know the types, causes, symptoms, treatment.


Open distal femoral fractures are very rare in the elderly population. A review of the 271 distal femoral fractures treated in the 15-year period showed that only six (2.2%) were open. There were five (2.7%) open supracondylar fractures, one (3.2%) open condylar fracture and no open intercondylar fractures.Supracondylar (SOO-pruh-KON-deh-lahr) femoral fracture (also called distal (DIS-tuhl) femur fracture) is when the thigh bone breaks at the knee. The femur is the largest and strongest bone in the body. It take a great deal of force to break the thigh bone. There are different kinds of breaks, from simple to serious.

The femur is the largest and strongest bone in the body, so it takes tremendous force to cause a fracture. The most common cause of a fracture is direct trauma to the leg from an automobile accident or a fall. Supracondylar fractures are most common in patients who suffer from osteoporosis or have had total knee replacement surgery. Symptoms.

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Supracondylar Humerus Fractures Key Points: Common fracture treated by pediatric orthopaedic surgeons. Radiographic evaluation includes assessment of the anterior humeral line and Baumann’s angle. Gartland classification can be used to formulate treatment algorithm.

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Supracondylar humerus fractures almost exclusively affect the immature skeleton. 43,52 Eliason reported that 84% of supracondylar fractures occurred in patients younger than 10 years. 26 The peak age for supracondylar humerus fracture has been reported to be between the ages of 6 and 7 years, and the left arm is injured more frequently than the right. a Previous reports have suggested that.

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A femoral fracture is a bone fracture that involves the femur.They are typically sustained in high-impact trauma, such as car crashes, due to the large amount of force needed to break the bone. Fractures of the diaphysis, or middle of the femur, are managed differently from those at the head, neck, and trochanter (see hip fractures.

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Nerve Injury Supracondylar Humerus Fracture Health And Social Care Essay. Backgraund: Supracondylar humerus fractures are very common types of elbow fractures in children between the ages of three and ten years. Totally displaced supracondylar humerus fractures may be related to neurovascular injuries, and treatment may be complicated by.

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Supracondylar femoral fracture. Supracondylar region area 9cm from knee articular surface. Bimodal demographic presentation, Low energy osteoporotic fractures in elderly patients; High energy in young patients. Prior to the early 1970s, most fractures of the distal femur were treated non - operatively.

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Fractured Femur. Definition: A femoral fracture is a bone fracture that involves the femur. It includes hip fractures. Causes of fractured femur: The femur is a tremendously strong bone,in order for a femur fracture to occur, either a large force must be applied or something is wrong with the bone.

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This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Supracondylar fractures are the commonest fracture at the elbow in pediatric patients. They result from force applied across the elbow, usually following a fall. The supraco.

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Surgical Anatomy. The femur is composed of three separate regions (Figure 61-2) 74: (1) the proximal femur includes the head, neck, trochanters, and trochanteric fossa; (2) the diaphysis is the elongated, cylindrical region of cortical bone, delineated by the proximal and distal metaphyses; and (3) the distal femur includes the distal metaphysis, or supracondylar region, trochlea, condyles.

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Introduction. Supracondylar humeral fractures are a common paediatric elbow injury, but are almost never seen in adults. The peak age of incidence is 5-7 years. The most common mechanism of injury is falling on an outstretched hand with the elbow in extension (a small percentage occur from landing directly onto a flexed elbow). Due to the close proximity of surrounding neurovascular.

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